Top Vascular Surgeons In India
Vascular surgery deals with surgical interventions of the vascular system, arteries and veins, and especially involves the treatment of the dilated areas in blood vessels, that can rupture if left untreated.Get Quote
Vascular surgery deals with surgical interventions of the vascular system, arteries and veins, and especially involves the treatment of the dilated areas in blood vessels, that can rupture if left untreated. Vascular surgeons often treat blockages in blood vessels, which if untreated may lead to obstruction of blood flow, stroke and other serious complications. They usually manage diseases of veins and arteries in all parts of the body other than the brain and the heart. For example, vascular surgeons may manage blocked carotid arteries in the neck, and also perform carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting (in which a stent is placed to open up the artery and improve blood flow). They may also treat problems of the aorta (a large main artery that leaves the heart and enters the abdomen), and peripheral vascular disease, which affects the arteries in the legs and feet. A vascular surgeon is trained in open, complicated vascular surgery as well as in minimally-invasive, endovascular procedures. They also specialize in the treatment of varicose veins (a disease in which leaflet valves in leg veins do not work properly, causing backflow of blood and enlargement of the leg veins).
When arterial and venous diseases are treated using procedures that are minimally-invasive (they are performed by making tiny incisions instead of one large opening), they require shorter hospital stay (day or overnight for most cases) and also result in better success and recovery rates as compared to conventional surgery. Hence patients prefer minimally-invasive procedures like angiography, stenting, and non-operative varicose vein treatment (sclerotherapy, endovenous laser treatment etc.) over major surgery. These procedures save considerable costs due to shorter hospital stays and reduced expenditure on complications. However, they also include high costs of imaging equipment, construction and staffing, and of the implant devices themselves. Some of the procedures included under vascular surgery are as follows –
Laser Cardiovascular Surgery
(A) Endovenous laser ablation
In this procedure used for the treatment of varicose veins, heat (in the form of radiofrequency or laser energy) is applied to the wall of the damaged vein, to burn and seal the damaged vein.
For each leg, the procedure is completed in around 45 minutes. It is safe, leaves almost no scars and minimizes pain as compared to conventional surgery.
In this non-surgical procedure, a medication is injected into the damaged veins to shrink them down. On account of its safety and effectiveness, it is one of the most frequently followed treatments for varicose veins.
Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical process, in which fatty deposits or materials blocking one of the two carotid arteries, are cleared to correct the narrowing of these arteries and avoid stroke. Once the carotid arteries are cleared up, blood flow to the brain improves and the risk of stroke is reduced. It is mainly performed in elderly people.
The following care needs to be taken after vascular surgery –
· Avoid eating food rich in saturated fat, cholesterol and calories
· Avoid smoking
· Exercise regularly
· Maintain ideal body weight
· Visit your doctor regularly to check if you require antiplatelet therapy
· Regularly take medications for lowering cholesterol, as prescribed by your doctor