Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In India

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is a surgical process used to improve oxygen-rich blood flow to heart muscles. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. Accumulation of cholesterol and fatty substances blocks coronary arteries over a period of time. The narrowing of coronary arteries reduces blood flow to heart and can lead to chest pain or even heart attack. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is used to treat coronary artery disorder.

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Accumulation of cholesterol and fatty substances blocks coronary arteries over a period of time. The narrowing of coronary arteries reduces blood flow to heart and can lead to chest pain or even heart attack. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is used to treat coronary artery disorder.

Who needs Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting?

·      People diagnosed with coronary arterial blockage

·      People suffering from angina, shortness of breath, palpitations

·      People complaining about fatigue, swelling in the hands and feet

Procedure of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting:

During CABG, the blocked portion of a coronary artery is bypassed with a healthy artery from the arms or legs. An artery from the wrist or chest can also be used. Left internal mammary artery is the most commonly used artery for the bypass grafting. The artery is grafted or connected to the blocked coronary artery in such a way that one end of the graft is attached above the blockage area and the other one below the blockage. After this procedure, blood reaches the heart muscle through the newly grafted artery by bypassing the blocked artery. During this surgery, multiple coronary arteries can be bypassed by the surgeons.

Duration of a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Complete surgery normally takes around 3-6 hours. It can vary based on the number of arteries that require to be bypassed.

What happens after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

After the successful surgery, you will be kept under observation for a short time period of 1 to 2 days in the intensive care unit (ICU). While in the ICU:

·      A continuous display will be seen on the machines showing your breathing rate, electrocardiogram tracing, and the oxygen level.

·      A temporary tube attached in the throat will help you breathe through a ventilator until you are able to breathe completely on your own. The tube will be removed once you resume normal breathing.

·      An inserted tube will also help in removing unwanted contents from your stomach.

·      Once the doctor removes the stomach and breathing tubes, you can start taking liquid diet. After confirmation from the doctor, you will be moved from the ICU to a hospital room, where you will have to stay for around 4 to 5 days before discharge. You can start eating solid food once your digestion improves. You will be allowed to walk around in the hospital room.  

·      Once discharged, you will need to maintain the cleanliness around the surgical wound, and keep it dry. You will be asked to regularly follow-up with the surgeon as per the schedule.

 

How does Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery help?

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery helps a patient with coronary artery disease in several ways:

·      Lowers risk of stroke or heart injury, and increases chances of survival

·      Improves functioning of heart muscles

·      Relieves chest pain

·      Enhances pumping action of the heart if it was damaged earlier by a heart attack.

·      Helps patients resume a normal and active lifestyle, thus, improving quality of life

 

YouTube video link of the procedure:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Nf6Q2skGOM

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