Best Gastroenterology Treatment | Medical Tourism In India

Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract including the stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, esophagus, large intestine and small intestine. A gastroenterologist diagnoses and treats diseases of the digestive system such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, biliary tract disease, peptic ulcer disease, irritable bowel syndrome, cholecystitis, hepatitis, pancreatitis, gastric cancers, colon polyps, etc.

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Some of the most common gastroenterology procedures are as follows –


Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): This procedure is performed in patients who develop jaundice or experience abdominal pain. In this procedure, a long flexible tube (endoscope) with camera and a light is passed through the stomach, esophagus and duodenum (first part of the small intestine), after which a dye is injected and X-rays are taken. This procedure helps to identify tumors, gallstones or scar tissue that may be blocking the bile duct.


Flexible sigmoidoscopy: This procedure helps the physician to view the rectum and the sigmoid colon from inside. In this procedure, a flexible sigmoidoscope (a flexible tube 60 cm long and as thick as your little finger) is inserted gently into the anus and passed slowly into the lower colon and the rectum. This procedure is used to study changes in bowel habits, to look for causes of rectal symptoms such as pain, diarrhea, and bleeding, and also as a part of screening and surveillance for colon cancer.


Colonoscopy:  In this procedure, a colonoscope is inserted into the colon and pictures are taken. This procedure is used to look for causes of abdominal pain, changes in bowel habits and bleeding, and for prevention and screening of colorectal cancer.


Capsule endoscopy: The procedure is useful in examining the complete small intestine. In this procedure, the patient is asked to swallow a tiny video capsule that has its own light source and camera. The video capsule travels through the entire body, takes images transmits these images to a data recorder on the waist belt of the patient. This procedure helps in finding the cause of persistent or recurrent symptoms like bleeding, abdominal pain or diarrhea, that cannot be diagnosed with the help of X-rays, endoscopy and colonoscopy.


Liver biopsy: In this procedure, a small needle is inserted into the liver and a tissue sample is collected and examined in a laboratory. It can help diagnose several liver disorders including liver cancer.


Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS): In this procedure, a thin, flexible tube called an endoscope that has a built-in miniature ultrasound probe is passed through your mouth or anus to the area to be examined, and ultrasound waves are used to create visual images of the area. This procedure is used to examine your esophagus (food pipe), stomach, the walls of your upper and lower gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, pancreas, etc. and helps to detect the cause of abdominal pain or abnormal weight loss.


Double balloon enteroscopy: In this procedure, a high-resolution video endoscope having latex balloons attached at the tips (deflating or inflating the balloon helps in moving the endoscope further into the small intestine) is used to examine the small intestine for detection of conditions such as Crohn’s disease, or to determine the cause of gastrointestinal bleeding and unexplained diarrhea.


Gastroenterology treatment (both medical and surgical) is very cost-effective in India. The country has a number of top-notch hospitals with advanced technology and sophisticated equipment for diagnosis and treatment of gastroenterological diseases. As a result, the country offers world-class treatment facilities at extremely affordable costs.

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