Infertility Treatment In India

Infertility is the inability to naturally conceive a child. As per the WHO, if a couple is unable to achieve clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse (and there is no other reason, such as breastfeeding or the absence of menses just after delivery), or if the woman is unable to carry a pregnancy to its full term, it is termed as ‘infertility’. Infertility in a couple who has never had a child is called ‘primary infertility’, whereas if a couple is unable to conceive after a previous pregnancy, it is called ‘secondary infertility’.

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Causes of Infertility

A couple may not be able to have children due to problems with either the man or the woman or both. Sometimes no cause may be detected.

 

Infertility in men may occur when sperms are not produced (azoospermia), if the sperms produced are lower than normal in number or malformed, or if sperms die before they reach the egg. These sperm disorders may be a result of malformations in male sex organs, or due to infections, hormonal imbalance, medications or exposure to radiation.

 

Infertility in females may occur due to birth defects, problems with ovulation, blocked fallopian tubes, fibroids in the uterus, infections, endometriosis or age-related problems.

 

Investigations

In men, generally basic blood and urine examination and semen analysis is done. In women, routine blood and urine examination, thyroid and hormonal tests, rubella IgG levels, tests for hepatitis, HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases may be required.

 

Some other diagnostic procedures like hysterosalpingography (HSG; X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes), trans-vaginal ultrasonography, laparoscopic hysteroscopy (examination of the uterus with an endoscope) etc. are also done.

 

 

Treatment

Infertility treatments also known as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), are usually used to increase the number of eggs or sperm, or to bring them together, and improve the chances of pregnancy. They are used depending on the cause of infertility. Some techniques and procedures used in infertility treatment are as follows –

 

Ovulation induction

If the cause of infertility is irregular ovulation in the woman, she is given medicines to regularize her ovulation cycle and improve quality of the egg. The most commonly used medications are clomiphene citrate, HMG, purified and recombinant FSH.

 

Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

In this procedure, semen is placed directly in the uterus of the woman with the help of a catheter.

 

In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) 

In this procedure, the egg and the sperm are combined outside the woman’s body and the fertilized egg is then placed into the uterus of the woman. In lay man’s terms, the child born through this method is called a ‘test tube baby’.

 

Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) 

In this procedure, a single sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of an egg for fertilization.

 

Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) 

In this procedure, sperms are retrieved from the testes via fine needle aspiration

 

Embryo Freezing Excess (Surplus)

In this technique, cryo-preservation is used to store embryos at ultra-low temperatures, so that they can be used in future.

 

Assisted Hatching 

This procedure promotes the implantation of embryos in the uterus of the woman.

Semen/Sperm freezing

Like embryos, semen/sperm can also be frozen and stored at ultra-low temperatures for a long duration.

 

Cost of Infertility Treatments in India

Infertility treatment that includes costly procedures world over, can be availed at extremely affordable prices in India through Medicopedia.

 

We can arrange for free of cost opinions from expert doctors in various super-specialty hospitals before the physician consultation.

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