In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Medical Tourism In India

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive treatment used to help infertile couples conceive. In this process, a series of steps are undertaken to fertilize the egg in-vitro (in glass) outside the body of the woman. The egg or ovum is collected from the woman, fertilized with the sperm in a laboratory dish, and then placed into the woman’s uterus. In-vitro fertilization also widely known as ‘test-tube baby’ is one of the most widely used fertility treatments across the world.

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Who should consider IVF treatment?

IVF treatment is best suited for couples below the age of 35 years, who have been unable to conceive after unprotected intercourse for more than a year. Although age is not a limitation for this process, but many institutions may consider your age.

IVF is considered as an option in the following:

·       Sperm-related problems: Low sperm count, or malformed or immotile sperms

·       Ovulation disorders: When ovulation is absent or irregular and only few eggs are available for fertilization.

·       Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes: The fertilized egg cannot travel to the uterus if the fallopian tubes are blocked.

·       Endometriosis: Uterine lining deposits and grows outside the uterus causing damage and malfunctioning of ovaries and other organs.

·       Uterine fibroids: Fibroids in the walls of the uterus may make it difficult for the embryo to implant.


How is IVF performed?

The process of IVF involves the following steps:

Step 1: In a process called ‘super ovulation’, the woman is given fertility drugs to boost her egg production. As a result of this procedure the woman produces several eggs every month instead of only one egg per month that she normally produces.

Step 2: Next, eggs are retrieved from her body through a minor outpatient procedure called follicular aspiration. If a woman does not or cannot produce any eggs, donated eggs may be used.

Step 3: After this the sperm from the husband is placed along with the best quality eggs in an environmentally controlled chamber or incubator, where the sperm enters (fertilizes) the egg within a few hours. Alternatively, the sperm may be directly injected into the egg in a process called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Step 4: After fertilization, the egg develops into an embryo. The embryo is checked to ensure if it is growing well.

Step 5: After about 2-3 days of egg retrieval and fertilization the embryo is placed into the woman’s uterus. Depending on a number of factors, more than one embryo is placed into the uterus at a time to increase the chances of pregnancy. This may lead to twins, triplets or multiple birth.


What care needs to be taken after the procedure?

The woman is advised to rest for a day after the procedure. She may be prescribed progesterone shots or pills for 8-10 weeks after embryo is placed in the uterus, as this makes it easier for the embryo to implant in the uterus, resulting in pregnancy. A pregnancy test is done 12-14 days after embryo transfer.

The success of IVF depends on success at every step of the procedure mentioned above. Taking treatment at the right age increases the chances of success in IVF.

At, MedicOpedia, we provide complete support through all phases of IVF so that you can come forward and discuss your queries with our doctors, without any apprehension.    

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