Best Organ Transplant Treatment | Medical Tourism In India

Multi-organ transplant is a surgical procedure in which organs from a healthy individuals (donors) are used to replace diseased or failing organs in a patient. Organs in a patient are generally transplanted as a last resort when they cannot be treated by medications or surgery. It is currently possible to transplant organs such as lungs, heart, kidney, liver, intestine, and pancreas, while others such as brain cannot be transplanted. The most common organs transplanted are kidney, followed by liver and heart.

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Organs are retrieved either from living
or brain-dead donors. Thus, organ donation can be of two types –

Live donation:

When
a living person donates an organ or part of an organ to another person, it is
called ‘live donation’. Live donation can further be of two types – live
related donation (from first relatives such as mother, father, brothers,
sisters, son, daughter, and spouse) and live unrelated donation (from someone
who is emotionally related to the patient, such as a good friend, a relative, a
neighbor or an in-law).

 

Cadaveric donation:

When
the recipient receives the organ from a deceased or brain-dead donor, it is
called ‘cadaveric donation’. Organs are harvested from brain-dead people who
have pledged to donate their organs after death. They are preserved by flushing
them with organ preservation solution and storing them at low temperature until
they can be transplanted into the patient. The patient in need of an organ has
to register in a hospital and is put on waiting list and is informed once a
suitable deceased or brain-dead donor is available.

 

Procedure:

The
process begins with organ donation by healthy individuals or individuals
pledging their organs for donation after their death.

 

Organ
matching process
:

In
order to provide organs to best matched recipient candidate, both logistical
and medical characteristics need to be thoroughly evaluated. The criteria for
organ matching includes –


  • Distance between the donor’s hospital and recipient’s
    hospital

  • The
    size of the organs and blood group of the recipient and the donor

  • The
    time spent awaiting the transplant

There
other factors to be considered during organ matching include –


  • Age
    of the recipient

  • Severity
    of the recipient’s condition and urgency of the transplant

  • The
    degree of the immune system matches between the recipient and donor

 

Organ
transplant waiting list:

Patients
who require a transplant need to visit a transplant hospital, where a physician
carefully examines the patient in order to determine his health condition and
medical history and then decides if the patient should be included on the national
waiting list.

 

After
making a list, information about the available organ is given to the transplant
center. The transplant team then matches the organ with the recipient based on
the factors as mentioned above and either accepts or declines the organ
depending on the compatibility between the donor and the recipient.

 

Organ
distribution policy:

The
transplant team first tries to match the organ with the local recipients, and
in case of no matching recipients locally, the team then searches on a regional
and finally on a national level.

 

Points to know:


  • An
    individual who is above 18 years of age can donate an organ.

  • A
    complete medical evaluation will take the decision of organ
    transplantation in case of the donation after death.

  • One
    cannot donate an organ in several medical conditions such as heart
    disease, cancer, kidney disease, HIV, etc.

Below link can help to know about the organ
transplantation
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSi9eHAFvGA    

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