Best Organ Transplant Treatment | Medical Tourism In India
Multi-organ transplant is a surgical procedure in which organs from a healthy individuals (donors) are used to replace diseased or failing organs in a patient. Organs in a patient are generally transplanted as a last resort when they cannot be treated by medications or surgery. It is currently possible to transplant organs such as lungs, heart, kidney, liver, intestine, and pancreas, while others such as brain cannot be transplanted. The most common organs transplanted are kidney, followed by liver and heart.Get Quote
Organs are retrieved either from living
or brain-dead donors. Thus, organ donation can be of two types –
a living person donates an organ or part of an organ to another person, it is
called ‘live donation’. Live donation can further be of two types – live
related donation (from first relatives such as mother, father, brothers,
sisters, son, daughter, and spouse) and live unrelated donation (from someone
who is emotionally related to the patient, such as a good friend, a relative, a
neighbor or an in-law).
the recipient receives the organ from a deceased or brain-dead donor, it is
called ‘cadaveric donation’. Organs are harvested from brain-dead people who
have pledged to donate their organs after death. They are preserved by flushing
them with organ preservation solution and storing them at low temperature until
they can be transplanted into the patient. The patient in need of an organ has
to register in a hospital and is put on waiting list and is informed once a
suitable deceased or brain-dead donor is available.
process begins with organ donation by healthy individuals or individuals
pledging their organs for donation after their death.
order to provide organs to best matched recipient candidate, both logistical
and medical characteristics need to be thoroughly evaluated. The criteria for
organ matching includes –
- Distance between the donor’s hospital and recipient’s
size of the organs and blood group of the recipient and the donor
time spent awaiting the transplant
other factors to be considered during organ matching include –
of the recipient
of the recipient’s condition and urgency of the transplant
degree of the immune system matches between the recipient and donor
transplant waiting list:
who require a transplant need to visit a transplant hospital, where a physician
carefully examines the patient in order to determine his health condition and
medical history and then decides if the patient should be included on the national
making a list, information about the available organ is given to the transplant
center. The transplant team then matches the organ with the recipient based on
the factors as mentioned above and either accepts or declines the organ
depending on the compatibility between the donor and the recipient.
transplant team first tries to match the organ with the local recipients, and
in case of no matching recipients locally, the team then searches on a regional
and finally on a national level.
Points to know:
individual who is above 18 years of age can donate an organ.
complete medical evaluation will take the decision of organ
transplantation in case of the donation after death.
cannot donate an organ in several medical conditions such as heart
disease, cancer, kidney disease, HIV, etc.