Best Ophthalmology Treatment | Medical Tourism In India

The word ‘ophthalmology’ comes from the Greek roots ‘ophthalmos’, meaning eye, and ‘logos’ meaning word, thought, or discourse. Ophthalmology literally means ‘the science of eyes’. Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment (both medical and surgical) of disorders of the eye, in addition to diagnosing systemic disease that can manifest in eye signs or symptoms.

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Some of the sub-specialties in ophthalmology are as follows –

Neuro ophthalmology: This is a special branch of medicine deals with ophthalmic diseases that are linked with neurologic disorders (strokes, brain tumors and multiple sclerosis) and result in visual problems such as double vision and blurred vision for e.g. optic nerve disorders.

 

Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery: This sub-specialty of ophthalmology deals with diseases that affect the area around the eye. Oculoplastic surgeons also specialize in cosmetic surgery of the face and eye area.

 

Some of the most common eye disorders treated by ophthalmologists are as follows –

Retinal diseases and retinal detachment: Increasing age may sometimes cause deterioration of the retina (the part of the eye responsible for forming images). In some patients, the retina may detach or pull away from its normal position resulting in permanent vision loss. Immediate treatment laser (thermal) or freezing (cryopexy), pneumatic retinopexy, or scleral buckle may be used to halt the progression of this disorder.

 

Macular degeneration: Macular tissue in the eye may deteriorate due to aging or development of abnormal blood vessels, leading to loss of vision. It may not be possible to cure macular degeneration, but it can be managed with low-vision aids and other medical, laser, and surgical treatments, depending on the degree of degeneration.

 

 

Diabetic retinopathy: High blood sugar in patients with diabetes damages blood vessels in the retina, causing swelling, leakage and loss of vision. Treatment for diabetic retinopathy includes laser photocoagulation, medications and surgery.

 

Glaucoma treatment: In this disease, fluid buildup in the eye leads to increased pressure and damage to the optic nerve in the eye, resulting in vision loss and blindness. Although glaucoma is not curable, the disease and its symptoms can be managed with laser treatment, medications such as eye drops or with microsurgery

 

Some common ophthalmologic procedures are as follows – 

Selective laser trabeculoplasty: This technique uses a YAG laser to focus light energy on the internal drainage channel of the eye to allow the drain to work more efficiently, and successfully lower eye pressure without damaging the surrounding tissue.

 

Filtration: Filtration surgery is used when medication and laser methods fail to lower intraocular pressure. In this procedure, the doctor applies either topical or local anesthesia, and then surgically creates a flap in the outer layers of the eye.

 

Ophthalmology treatments in India are extremely cost-effective as compared to the rest of the world. India has several top-notch ophthalmology hospitals well equipped with sophisticated technology and well-known ophthalmologists and surgeons. Using state-of-the-art technology, ophthalmology treatments in India cover numerous eye conditions, including cataracts, retinal diseases, glaucoma and other vision related disorders. Hence, India offers world-class ophthalmologic treatments and extremely affordable rates, making it one of the most sought after medical tourism destinations in the world.    

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